Objectives: To evaluate outcomes among cancer patients with preexisting coronary artery disease and cardiac stenting who subsequently underwent thoracic radiotherapy (RT).
Methods: From 1998 to 2012, 147 patients received percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and then curative external beam RT (>30 Gy, except for Hodgkin lymphoma patients) involving the heart and the lungs. Heart-specific and lung-specific dosimetric parameters were correlated to overall survival (OS) and cardiac-specific survival by Cox variate methods.
Results: The mean interval between PCI and cancer diagnosis was 1.8 years (range, 0.1 to 14.2 y). Hypertension was present in 105 patients (71%), and hyperlipidemia in 82 (56%). At the time of analysis, 69 patients (47%) were alive, 3 (2%) died of cardiac causes, and 53 (36%) died of cancer. In multivariate analyses, OS since PCI was related to cancer type (P=0.004). Decreased OS since cancer diagnosis was related to older age (P