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Medicine by Alexandros G.Sfakianakis

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Medicine by Alexandros G.Sfakianakis

OtoRhinoLaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery

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Peripheral positional vertigo and dizziness (PPVD)

The diagnostic framework of peripheral positional vertigo and dizziness (PPVD): a new concept based on the observation of alcohol-induced po...

Παρασκευή, 30 Δεκεμβρίου 2016

Human papillomavirus status and the relative biological effectiveness of proton radiotherapy in head and neck cancer cells

Abstract

Background

Human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive oropharyngeal carcinomas response better to X-ray therapy (XRT) than HPV-negative disease. Whether HPV status influences the sensitivity of head and neck cancer cells to proton therapy or the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of protons versus XRT is unknown.

Methods

Clonogenic survival was used to calculate the RBE; immunocytochemical analysis and neutral comet assay were used to evaluate unrepaired DNA double-strand breaks.

Results

HPV-positive cells were more sensitive to protons and the unrepaired double-strand breaks were more numerous in HPV-positive cells than in HPV-negative cells (p < .001). Protons killed more cells than did XRT at all fraction sizes (all RBEs > 1.06). Cell line type and radiation fraction size influenced the RBE.

Conclusion

HPV-positive cells were more sensitive to protons than HPV-negative cells maybe through the effects of HPV on DNA damage and repair. The RBE for protons depends more on cell type and fraction size than on HPV status. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2016



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