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The role of sinus surgery in sleep outcomes

imagePurpose of review: Poor sleep is associated with reduced health, increased morbidity, and increased mortality. Recent findings: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in the United States, affecting up to 16% of the U.S. population. It has been linked to poor sleep with up to 75% of patients with CRS reporting reduced sleep. Yet there has been little examining the improvement in sleep following surgical treatment of patients with CRS. Summary: In this review, we examine the current knowledge on the association between sleep and CRS as well as review the current data examining the role of sinus surgery. After a structured literature search, we conclude that an evolving body of research demonstrates that sleep is compromised in the majority of patients with CRS. Following surgical treatment of CRS, there is a significant improvement in reported sleep quality that is correlated with subsequent improvement in disease-specific quality of life. Furthermore, we acknowledge that additional research characterizing both objective and subjective measures of sleep following surgical treatment is still needed. Additional investigation is required to better elucidate the underlying pathophysiology of the relationship between sleep dysfunction and CRS.

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