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Medicine by Alexandros G.Sfakianakis

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Peripheral positional vertigo and dizziness (PPVD)

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Πέμπτη, 12 Ιανουαρίου 2017

Classification of suprabullar pneumatization according to the skull base attachment of the second lamella

Abstract

The skull base attachment of the second lamella and suprabullar pneumatization are likely to be consistent landmarks if they are systematically classified. This study aimed to classify the pneumatization pattern according to the second lamella skull base attachment. A total of 202 computed tomography sides of 101 patients who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery were studied. Suprabullar pneumatization was defined as air cells present above the ethmoid bulla between the second and third lamellae. Its pattern was classified according to the air cell number and location as in the frontal cell classification. Type 0 suprabullar pneumatization was defined as no air cells between the ethmoid bulla and skull base; type 1, as a single suprabullar cell; and type 2, as multiple suprabullar cells above the ethmoid bulla. In type 3 pneumatization, the second lamella extended into the frontal sinus forming a frontal bullar cell. Type 2 was the most prevalent (40.1 %), followed by types 1, 3, and 0 (24.3, 23.3, and 12.4 %, respectively). The distance between the second lamella and anterior ethmoid artery was 8.93, 8.30, 8.50, and 11.25 mm in types 0, 1, 2, and 3 pneumatization, respectively. No patients had intraoperative injuries in the anterior ethmoid artery or lateral lamella. The second lamella skull base attachment and suprabullar pneumatization pattern could be systematically classified and be a consistent landmark to identify the frontal sinus opening.



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