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In vitro proliferation of periodontal ligament-like tissue on extracted teeth

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Publication date: March 2017
Source:Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 75
Author(s): T. Iwata, C. Mino, T. Kawata
ObjectiveTransplantation of autologous teeth is a routine component of orthodontic treatment. The aim of this study was to develop a method for the regeneration of damaged periodontal ligament (PDL) on extracted teeth using a three-dimensional culture system.DesignWe used the maxillary first premolars or third molars extracted from patients for orthodontic treatment. The extracted teeth were stained with toluidine blue to measure the residual PDL area. After confirming damage of the periodontal tissue on the root surface of the extracted teeth, we tried to regenerate the periodontal tissue. Other extracted teeth were inserted into a cell strainer filled with cellulose-based carrier materials to regenerate the periodontal tissue. The strainer was then placed in a 90-mm culture dish filled with culture medium and incubated at 37°C and 5% CO2 for about 1 month. The cultured teeth were observed under a stereomicroscope and examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and were stained to detect alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity.ResultToluidine blue staining revealed that the residual periodontal membrane covered an average of 50.4% of the root surface area of each tooth. After culturing extracted teeth with our culture system, globular structures were found on the entire tooth root surface by stereomicroscopy, and PDL-like filamentous tissue was also detected by SEM. The entire tooth root surfaces of the cultured teeth were positive for ALP activity.ConclusionsWe have developed a useful culture method to stimulate the proliferation of cells in PDL-like tissue on the roots of extracted teeth.



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