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Medicine by Alexandros G.Sfakianakis

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Peripheral positional vertigo and dizziness (PPVD)

The diagnostic framework of peripheral positional vertigo and dizziness (PPVD): a new concept based on the observation of alcohol-induced po...

Πέμπτη, 12 Ιανουαρίου 2017

Odontogenic Tumours of Jaw: A Prospective Study on Clinico-Pathological Profile and Their Management

Abstract

Odontogenic tumours are a group of heterogeneous diseases that range from hamartomatous or non-neoplastic tissue proliferations to benign neoplasms to malignant tumours with metastatic potential. They are rare, comprising about <2–3% of all oral and maxillofacial biopsy specimens. The aim of the present study was to determine the clinico-pathological presentation of this heterogeneous group of lesions and review of literature. The present study was conducted in the ENT department of a Government Medical College and Hospital, West Bengal, India, over the period of 5 years from January 2011 to December 2015. It included a total of 15 patients who were clinico-radiologically diagnosed as odontogenic tumours, and were given appropriate treatment. Their diagnostic and management approaches are discussed. Among 15 odontogenic tumours, 13 were benign and two were malignant. Male to female ratio was 2:3. Mandible to maxilla ratio was 1.8:1. The patients were in between 4 and 56 years of age with highest incidence in 3rd decade of life. All patients are doing well till date with a minimum follow-up of 1 year. Incisional biopsy is considered as gold standard for preoperative diagnosis but FNAC can offer clinicians a less invasive alternative. CT is the choice of investigation for study of lesion, analysis of its extension and surgical planning. The challenge to proper management lies in balancing between conservative and radical approach to reduce morbidity and recurrence both. Final diagnosis is made by post-operative histopathological examination.



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