Η λίστα ιστολογίων μου

Related Posts

Δημοφιλείς αναρτήσεις

Medicine by Alexandros G.Sfakianakis

Medicine by Alexandros G.Sfakianakis,Anapafseos 5 Agios Nikolao

Medicine by Alexandros G.Sfakianakis

OtoRhinoLaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery

Εμφανιζόμενη ανάρτηση

Peripheral positional vertigo and dizziness (PPVD)

The diagnostic framework of peripheral positional vertigo and dizziness (PPVD): a new concept based on the observation of alcohol-induced po...

Τρίτη, 3 Ιανουαρίου 2017

Role of Interleukin-17A on the Chemotactic Responses to CCL7 in a Murine Allergic Rhinitis Model

by Yu-Lian Zhang, Doo Hee Han, Dong-Young Kim, Chul Hee Lee, Chae-Seo Rhee

Background

The proinflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-17A is associated with eosinophil infiltration into the nasal mucosa in a mouse model of ovalbumin-induced allergic rhinitis. Chemotaxis of eosinophils is mediated primarily through C-C chemokine receptor type 3 (CCR3). However, the mechanism underlying the IL-17A-mediated enhancement of eosinophil recruitment via chemoattractants/chemokines remains unknown.

Objectives

In this study, we assessed the contribution of IL-17A to eosinophil-related inflammation via the CCL7/CCR3 pathway in experimental allergic rhinitis.

Methods

IL-17A knockout (KO) and wild-type (WT) BALB/c mice were injected intraperitoneally and challenged intranasally with OVA to induce allergic rhinitis. Various parameters of the allergic response were evaluated, and mRNA and protein levels of CCL7 and CCR3 in nasal tissue and serum were compared between the two groups. The chemotactic response to CCL7 with or without IL-17A in bone marrow-derived eosinophils (bmEos) from BALB/c mice was measured.

Results

In the allergic rhinitis model, IL-17A deficiency significantly decreased nasal symptoms, serum IgE levels, and eosinophil recruitment to the nasal mucosa. CCL7 and CCR3 mRNA and protein levels were decreased in the nasal mucosa of IL-17A KO mice compared with the WT mice. BmEos showed a significantly increased chemotactic response to -low concentration of CCL7 in the presence of IL-17A compared with its absence.

Conclusion

The suppression of nasal inflammation due of IL-17A deficiency in allergic rhinitis is partly responsible for the regulation of CCL7 secretion and eosinophil infiltration, which may be regulated via the CCL7/CCR3 pathway.



http://ift.tt/2j1h9Yb

Δεν υπάρχουν σχόλια:

Δημοσίευση σχολίου