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Peripheral positional vertigo and dizziness (PPVD)

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Κυριακή, 8 Ιανουαρίου 2017

Role of video-head impulse test in lateralization of vestibulopathy: Comparative study with caloric test

Publication date: Available online 8 January 2017
Source:Auris Nasus Larynx
Author(s): Pona Park, Joo Hyun Park, Ji Soo Kim, Ja-Won Koo
ObjectiveTo evaluate the lateralization value of video head-impulse test (vHIT) for the diagnosis of vestibulopathy and to analyze cases showing dissociated results with caloric test.MethodsIn total, 19 healthy volunteers and 92 dizzy patients who underwent both a caloric test and a vHIT were enrolled. Patients were divided into two groups depending on their fluctuating pattern of vertigo. The vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) gain and gain asymmetry (GA) of a vHIT as well as unilateral weakness (UW) and the sum of the slow-phase velocities (SPVs) of warm and cold irrigation of the same side were compared. A cutoff value of VOR gain of a vHIT was also calculated using a receiver-operating characteristic curve.ResultsA VOR gain in an affected ear and GA of a vHIT showed a statistically significant correlation with UW in a caloric test. The cutoff value of a vHIT was determined to be 0.875, derived under the assumption that UW of a caloric test ≤25% is normal. However, the parameters of the two tests were dissociated in 18%.ConclusionA VOR gain of vHIT is a valuable objective parameter with a lateralization value determining vestibular hypofunction. However, considering substantial dissociation between a vHIT and a caloric test, these tests can be complementary tools for the lateralization of vestibular impairment for the comprehensive evaluation of patients' VOR.



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