To assess the safety of Transtympanic balloon dilatation of the cartilaginous proximal Eustachian tube under endoscopic guidance as it relates to the integrity of the carotid canal in cadaver model. Endoscopic guided Transtympanic dilatations of the cartilaginous proximal end of the Eustachian tube were performed in 15 ears of 8 fresh frozen cadaver heads. CT scans were done before and after dilatation. Images were reviewed by two otologists and one radiologist. Balloon catheter placement and dilatation of the proximal Eustachian tube was feasible in all specimens. Endoscopic examination post dilatation showed a consistent increase in the aperture of the proximal cartilaginous tube in all ears. Review of CT images after dilatation showed no evidence of trauma to the carotid canal in all ears instrumented. Endoscopically guided Transtympanic dilatation of the proximal Eustachian tube is not associated with damage to the carotid canal in cadaver model.
Level of Evidence: 4.