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Wettability and surface morphology of eroded dentin treated with chitosan

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Publication date: March 2017
Source:Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 75
Author(s): Mirian Saavedra Ururahy, Fabiana Almeida Curylofo-Zotti, Rodrigo Galo, Lucas Fabricio Bahia Nogueira, Ana Paula Ramos, Silmara Aparecida Milori Corona
ObjectiveTo assess the effect of chitosan, at concentrations of 2.5% and 5.0%, on the wettability of the eroded dentin, followed by analysis of surface morphology by SEM.Methods104 bovine dentin slabs were ground, polished and then immersed in 20mL of citric acid (pH=3.2) under continuous stirring for 2h. Specimens were randomly divided according to the dentin substrate: sound and eroded, and then, subdivided into 4 groups (n=10): without rewetting (control), 1% acetic acid, 2.5% chitosan and 5.0% chitosan. Then, a drop of the adhesive system Single Bond 2 (3M) was deposited onto surface of each specimen. The contact angle between dentin surface and the adhesive system was measured by using a goniometer. The other 24 specimens were subjected to analysis under SEM. Statistical analysis was performed using the normality test (Kolmogorov-Smirnov) and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) (p>0.05).ResultsNo differences were found between the angles produced on the eroded dentin rewetting with chitosan at the concentrations of 2.5% and 5%.ConclusionThe chitosan, regardless of the concentration used, did not influence the eroded dentin wettability. Through SEM analysis, it was found particles of chitosan deposited on the surface and within the dentinal tubules.



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